Despite the latest fall to the headline rate of inflation, the rate is still well over the bank of England’s 2% target, and there is no guarantee that it will continue to decline over the next six months and beyond. The need for income is one of the most common demands put on our capital, and whilst there is not one traditional fixed rate savings account that offers an interest rate that is able to match inflation, income seekers are still faced with the toughest of challenges. To this end, we compare a selection of income investment plans, offering both the opportunity for a high level of income, as well as some capital protection against a falling stock market.
Is today’s inflation fool’s gold?
Inflation figures eased last month for the first time in 2017, dropping from 2.9% in May to 2.6% in June, according to the Office of National Statistics (ONS). However, this dip in inflation could be short lived, with a number of UK economic analysts predicting that inflation could reach upwards of 3% by the end of 2017. This could spell bad news for savers, as the current crop of fixed rate bonds only offer interest rates that fail to match today’s rate of inflation. Effectively, this means that many savers are losing money in real terms.
Income plans offer to counter inflation
The gap between interest rates and inflation has produced a greater demand for financial products that provide the opportunity to combat the effect of inflation on one’s capital. We therefore compare four investment plans which between them offer up to 8% income, the opportunity for regular income payments, as well as some capital protection against a falling stock market.
Features in common
The income plans under the spotlight here are the FTSE 100 Defensive Income Plan from Investec, the FTSE 100 Enhanced Income Plan from Investec, the FTSE Daily Accrual Income Kick Out Plan from Mariana and the FTSE Monthly Contingent Income Plan from Meteor.
All four plans have a number of features in common:
Apart from the Enhanced Income Plan which pays a fixed income, the level of income you receive is dependent on the performance of the FTSE 100 Index (‘the Index’ or ‘the FTSE’), whilst the return of your initial capital for all of the plans is dependent on the FTSE.
The FTSE 100 Index tracks the share prices of the 100 largest companies listed on the London Stock Exchange and is widely recognised as the proxy benchmark for most investment managers, especially those investing predominantly in UK equities. Since the historical volatility is familiar to many investors, they are in a better position to consider the pros and cons of each plan within the context of the underlying investment and the potential income on offer.
All the plans have a fixed term, which varies depending on the investment. The FTSE 100 Defensive Income Plan requires an 8 year commitment, and the FTSE 100 Enhanced Income Plan has a term of 5 years. Both the FTSE Daily Accrual Income Kick Out Plan from Mariana and FTSE Monthly Contingent Income Plan from Meteor have a term of 10 years. The fixed term may well appeal to those who need to know exactly how long their capital will be invested for and who could benefit from planning around this.
All of the plans except the Enhanced Income Plan have the ability to mature early or ‘kick out’, which is also dependent on the FTSE. The Defensive Income Plan and the FTSE Monthly Contingent Income Plan will mature early in the event that the FTSE has gone up by 5% or more from the second year onwards – measured each year and each quarter respectively. Alternatively, the FTSE Daily Accrual Income Kick Out Plan has the ability to mature early after the first year and quarterly thereafter, in the event that the FTSE has gone up by 10%.
Therefore, should the FTSE go up by the required amount in the future, investors receive both a final income payment as well as a full return of their original capital, allowing further investment opportunities to be considered at that time.
Regular income payments
All four plans offer a regular payment frequency. The FTSE 100 Defensive Income Plan and FTSE Daily Accrual Income Kick Out Plan both offer quarterly income payments, the FTSE Monthly Contingent Income Plan offers monthly income payments and the FTSE 100 Enhanced Income Plan provides fixed monthly income payments. The mixture of monthly and quarterly income payments on offer provides options to a wide range of potential investors.
Up to 8.0% annual income
These plans are designed for investors looking for a high level of income, with a maximum annual income of between 4.35% and 8.04%. Where the four plans differ is the level that the FTSE has to be in order to achieve these favourable returns, and so an investor’s selection will heavily depend on what they think may happen to the FTSE in the coming years. Fortunately, the plans accommodate a number of different possibilities.
8.04% income if the FTSE does not fall more than 15%
Option 2 of the FTSE Monthly Contingent Income Plan from Meteor offers a monthly payment of 0.67% provided the FTSE, at the end of each month, has not fallen by more than 15% from its value at the start of the plan. Option 2 of the FTSE 100 Defensive Income Plan 1 from Investec offers a quarterly payment of 2% (equivalent to 8.0% per year) provided the FTSE, at the end of each quarter, has not fallen by 20% or more from its value at the start of the plan.
6.60 % income if the FTSE does not fall more than 25%
The FTSE Daily Accrual Income Kick Out Plan from Mariana offers up to 6.60% each year, with a 1.65% income payment made at the end of each quarter provided the FTSE 100 Index, on each business day during the quarter, closes at or above 75% of its value at the start of the plan. This means that the index can fall up to 25% throughout the quarter and the full income payment would still be made. If the FTSE falls more than 25% on any business day then income would not accrue for that day.
6.0 % income if the FTSE does not fall more than 30%
Option 1 of the FTSE Monthly Contingent Income Plan from Meteor offers a monthly payment of 0.5% provided the FTSE, at the end of each month, has not fallen by more than 30% from its value at the start of the plan.
6.0 % income if the FTSE does not fall more than 40%
Option 1 of the FTSE 100 Defensive Income Plan from Investec offers quarterly payments of 1.5% provided the FTSE, at the end of each quarter, has not fallen by 40% or more below its value at the start of the plan.
4.35% income regardless of the performance of the FTSE
The FTSE 100 Enhanced Income Plan offers a monthly payment of 0.3625%, paid to you regardless of the performance of the Index. Although this plans offers the lowest headline yield, it is the only one to offer a fixed income payment each and every month plan for the full fixed term.
Provisional capital protection
One of the unique features of this type of investment plan is that each contains some form of conditional capital protection – this means the FTSE has to fall by more than a fixed percentage (known prior to investing) before your capital is at risk. For all four plans, the percentage is 40% below its value at the start of the plan, which is measured at the end of the investment term only. If it does fall below this level, your capital is reduced by 1% for each 1% fall, so you could lose some or all of your initial investment.
Fair Investment conclusion
Commenting on the current range of FTSE based income plans, head of savings and investments at Fair Investment Company, Oliver Roylance-Smith said: “The potential to achieve an income that beats inflation (after tax and charges), and which leaves the value of your initial investment untouched, has to be a goal for many an income investor, otherwise your capital is losing money in real terms.”
He continued: “As inflation continues to put so much pressure on both savers and investors alike, the ability to achieve up to 8% income whilst offering some capital protection is likely to appeal to wide range of investors, whilst the fixed income on offer from the Enhanced Income Plan continues to make it our best selling income plan.”
No news, feature article or comment should be seen as a personal recommendation to invest. Prior to making any decision to invest, you should ensure that you are familiar with the risks associated with a particular investment. If you are at all unsure of the suitability of a particular investment, both in respect of its objectives and its risk profile, you should seek independent financial advice.
Tax treatment of ISAs depends on your individual circumstances and legislation which are subject to change in the future. ISA transfer charges may apply, please check with your provider.
These are structured investment plans that are not capital protected and are not covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS) for default alone. Income payments are not guaranteed and there is a risk of losing some or all of your initial investment. There is a risk that the company backing the plan or any company associated with the plan may be unable to repay your initial investment and any returns stated. In addition, you may not get back the full amount of your initial investment if the plan is not held for the full term. The past performance of the FTSE 100 Index is not a guide to its future performance.